The Kurdish peshmarga militia protected and kept Kurdish territories in Iraq from coming into ISIS’s clutches when practically the entire country of Iraq succumbed to them. For many years, the Kurdish people battled Sadam Hussein for the right to self-defense.
IN NORTHEAST NIGERIA
Borno Civilian JTF was founded and is a state-backed ethnic militia/paramilitary, and you can can see their success! When BH (JAS) was busy holding territory in Borno State and killing Indigenous Kanuri and others, you can see their success! Why? Indigenous peoples have a connection to the ancestral land of their forebears, live there with their families, and have every right to defend their territory.
Against being underprepared and undertrained, Amotekun (WNSN) has been founded despite the FG’s Evil Buhari’s ardent opposition. It took despite the fact that they aren’t authorized to own automatic rifles or ammunition of a military caliber, it takes decisiveness to create it.
The dogon nationalists in Mali founded Dan Na Ambassagou (“hunters who trust in God,” in Dogon language), an ethnic Dogon militia, in response to the Fulani militias/bandits’ massacring of the ethnic Dogon, usurping their land, and claiming to be marginalized. The militia was established in 2016 to protect Dogon settlements against attacks, which has resulted in a series of disputes with Fula community members.
Dogon and Fulani both identify as pastoralists and farmers, respectively.
See here: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19392206.2021.1925035
TERROR SECTS IN MALI
A. The Macina Liberation Front (MLF, French: Force de libération du Macina, also known as the Macina Liberation Movement or Katibat Macina) is a militant Islamist group that operates in Mali. Ethnic Fulani veterans of the conflict make up the core of the group.
It is an affiliate of Ansar Dine (ethnic Tuareg led JIhadi sect)..
B. Ansar Dine (Arabic: أنصار الدين ʾAnṣār ad-Dīn, also transliterated Ançar Deen; meaning “helpers of the religion” (Islam) also known as Ansar al-Din (abbreviated as AAD) was a Salafi jihadist group led by Iyad Ag Ghaly. Ansar Dine sought to impose strict Salafist sharia as across Mali. The group took over the city of Timbuktu in 2012, which prompted the French-led intervention, Operation Serval. This is Ethnic Tuareg led Salafi Jihadi sect.
C. Nusrat al-Islam, officially known as Jama’a Nusrat ul-Islam wa al-Muslimin’ (Arabic: جماعة نصرة الإسلام والمسلمين, JNIM; French: Groupe de soutien à l’islam et aux musulmans, GSIM English Support Group for Islam and Muslims) is a militant jihadist organisation in the Maghreb and West Africa formed by the “merger of Ansar Dine(Tuareg led), the Macina Liberation Front(Fulani led), Al-Mourabitoun and the Saharan branch of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)(Fulani majority). It is the official branch of Al-Qaeda in Mali, after its leaders swore allegiance to Ayman al-Zawahiri(Killed on July 31, 2022)
The Kurdish peshmarga paramilitary was responsible for defending and preventing Kurdish people after practically all of Iraq succumbed to ISIS.
The 2013 coup d’etat in the Central African Republic led to the overthrow of the government of Francois Bozize and plunged the country into the current civil war. Fighting had been between a coalition of armed groups known as the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC), the majority Muslim Seleka( Majorly Fulani) and militia groups supported by the Christian anti-Balaka.